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Natural Stone in the Built Environment kK of comprehension that they had lost the war a fact that every infantrymannew Even interesting is the coverage of the Kaiser s last days in power The armistice reuired his abdication although the old emperor was in the clouds till the last believing he would remain in power For the allies the guns fell silent on armistice day For the Germans they had to march home to fight the anarchists and bolsheviks and their revolution In amongst those soldiers was a young corporal recovering from mustard gas who believed the German army was bertrayed His name was Adolf Hitler and with him went the seeds of WWII This is a well written and broad history of the end of WWI on the Western Front What surprised me most in reading this book was the fact that after enormous battles like Verdun and the Somme and four years of what was at the time the bloodiest conflict in human history the war did not end with some climactic battle a la Waterloo Instead the German Army was simply worn down by the starvation and disease inflicted by the blockade Bolshevik uprisings back home and mutiny within the ranks and the collapse of morale that came with the realization that America had entered the war fresh with a seemingly endless supply of men and materiel to draw from This lack of a marching through Berlin moment affected the post war German psyche and created the conditions for the rise of Hitler and the Second World War To a simple Corporal on the front lines in 1918 it looked like the same army that had been fighting since 1914 occupying French territory and despite losses generally still holding off every Allied attack Because the generals realized Germany was beaten but the populace did not narratives of a stab in the back by leaders intellectuals and Jews began to take hold It should be noted that in the Second World War the Allied Powers made sure the people of Germany were fully aware of what had taken place Did anyone really care whether Alsace Lorraine was French or German Using those words British history professor Nick Lloyd summed up German thoughts at the end of the Great War as the German government considered surrenderi Concise account of the Allied campaign that brought Germany to defeat in World War I Gives an understanding of just how much the Allies learned about 20th century warfare during 1914 1918 leading to tactical innovations that finally broke the stalemate on the Western Front Only drawback is a paucity of maps In the late summer of 1918 after four long years of senseless stagnant fighting the Western Front erupted The bitter four month struggle that ensued nown as the Hundred Days Campaign saw some of the bloodiest and most ferocious combat of the Great War as the Allies grimly worked to break the stalemate in the west and end the conflict that had decimated Europe As with some of the books that I have recently read about The Great War by the time we get to the final chapters and the last of the conflict we sometimes miss out on the details leading sometimes miss out on the details leading Armistice Day As the opening uote projects with the US heavily involved fresh for action the last push was often brutalMr Lloyd has done a very commendable job of concentrating on the movements of the belligerents involved With a writing style that eeps the reader engaged with the views of both the belligerents involved With a writing style that Spanked in her Messy Diaper (An ABDL Tale) keeps the reader engaged with the views of both allied and axis how and why the victories and failures led to the end Of course I would recommend numerous other books to get an overall concept of the War before attacking this novel buteep this close as a side by side to learn the struggles of the platoons companies and brigades involved This was my first book by this author and I would not hesitate to recommend this volume to anyone and will be looking for other books Hundred Days The campaign that ended World War I by Nick Lloyd Basic Books 2014 Remarkable The Hundred Days from the middle of July 1918 through the beginning of November are the days when the British French and eventually the Americans having held off Ludendorff s final spring huge peace offensive finally turned the tide began advancing and broke the German army The last one hundred days until the armistice of WWI have not received as much attention as other parts of the war This is largely because it was believed that Germany lost the war already with the failure of its offensive on the western front the previous spring and the fall of 1918 was merely an endgame It didn t get the attention it deserved by early writers because of the stab in the back story that was widely circulated in Germany after the war to explain her defeat The last hundred days of the war and the complete ruin of the German army explain how the armistice happened even though the allies had not reached German soil Major battles included Amiens and the Argonne Meuse The Argonne Meuse fought by fresh American doughboys Tales From Underwood killed 50000 in a few days nearly half of the American soldiers lost in the war The book is replete with descriptions of the major battles and gives a flavor of the fear in the ranks the bloodyilling and shelling the chaos of the fighting and the shattered landscaped that looked like something out of Dante s Inferno A good description of the lines of the map that the generals saw and the bloody terror that the soldiers witnessed. Allies' victories and the bitter reality of German defeat' Gary Sheffield Professor of War Studies 'Lloyd enters the upper tier of Great War historians with this admirable account of the war's final campaign' Publishers Weekly Nick Lloyd is Senior Lecturer in Defence Studies at King's College London based at the Joint Services Command Staff College in Shrivenham Oxfordshire He specialises in British military and imperial history in the era of the Great War and is the author of two books Loos 1915 2006 and The Amritsar Massacre The Untold Story of One Fateful Day 201. .
I picked this up immediately after reading Nick Lloyd s excellent book on Passchendaele which I also recommend My After the Kiss (Sex, Love Stiletto, knowledge of World War One mainly revolves around its causes a popular subject at O Level A Level and Degree when I was a lad and The Somme so a lot of this history was new to me The thing I like about Lloyd s books or the two I ve read so far is he tells the story not just from a British point of view So here he is good on how the German Army fell apart under the constant pressure of Allied assaults and how the myth of the stab in the back that Hitler was to feed on perhaps because he felt it was true developed Lloyd s writing is sharp and straightforward His research impeccable and he tells the story with a real drive While there have been a veritable flood of books published on the origins of the First World War and the initial battles in Flanders and the Marne as well as long winded looks into the veracity or not of the Schleiffen Plan few books have ever been written on the final Allied offensive that broke the back of the German Army and ended the war And none that didn t focus on the entirety of the campaign as a whole not just one side or even one particular ally of one side This book a well written and excellent one fills that gap Hundred Days tells the oft neglected story of how the Allies won if not decisively the First World War defeated the German Army and drove it nearly to annihilation in a series of grinding attrition based offensives that also saw some examples of maneuver warfare towards the end Following their defeat of the Russian Empire in 1917 and yes it must be said that the answer to the rhetorically asked uestion of whether one can win a land war in Asia is yes one can the Germans did in the First World War by trouncing decisively and completely the Russian Empirethe Germans after stopping briefly by Italy to smack them upside the head nearly taking them out of the war as well in the Caporetto Battles shipped large formations of veteran and well euipped men to the Western Front What made this so harmful to the Allied cause was a multifaceted problem First off the Allies were tired exhausted and drained of morale The grinding battles of Paschendalle and the disastrous Nivelle Offensive which helped to cause a mutiny in the French Army had damaged the Allies than they had damaged the Germans and they were not prepared to face a new reinvigorated German offensive Secondly the Germans were bringing to the match new tactics tried and tested first against the Russians and then perfected against the Italians tactics that form the basis for infantry assault tactics to this day by the way and a sense of victory They believed that they could win the war and this mightily revitalized the German Army on the Western Front After all their comrades being shipped westwards had not only trounced the Italians andnocked the Russians out of the war but they had also conuered in a matter of days Romania in the first ever mechanized offensive in history Though minus armor the Germans never developed much in the way of tanks during WWIAll of this combined to make the German Army that spring a very confident and eager to display their new found skills against their tired exhausted foes And finally the Allies were desperately waiting for the arrival of the American Army The French especially were desperate for relief relief they hoped to find in the form of fresh American troops This added a sense of urgency to both sides the Allies hoping the Americans would arrive in time the Germans hoping that their coming offensive would Malcolm McDonald on Marketing Planning knock one or the other of France or the British out of the war before the Yanks could show upThe ensuing German offensives called various names but most oftennown to history as the Kaiser offensives were initially tremendous successes The Germans broke the Western Front wide open and restored maneuver their strong suit to the war Albeit only for a brief time As Bad As Their Blows as their blows hurting the Allies they were taking considerable losses themselves and their High Commands insistence of adding strategic objectives as the offensive rolled on only spread out and diffused the German efforts in effect softening their blows Finally at the Second Battle of the Marne the Allies primarily the French with a large dose of American help stopped the German offensives As the Americans led the way in launching a joint Allied offensive that pushed the Germans from the environs of Paris the supreme Allied commander Ferdinand Foch could feel that victory was in the air Nick Lloyd tells the story of how the Allies battered and bruised from the series of massive German blows they had absorbed over the Spring recovered uickly and began landing Digital Marketing In A Week knockout blows of their own The author covers all sides giving fair treatment to the French Germans and even the Americans something that should be remarked upon as he is British and most British historians tend to celebrate their own triumphs at the end while overlooking the French and American contributions and overlooking the plight of the retreating and defending Germans Starting at Amiens the Black Day of the German Army the Alliesept up a constant hammering series of offensives that Allies Le commerce des fourrures en occident a la fin du moyen-age (2 vol) kept up a constant hammering series of offensives that but surely drove the Germans bac. Nick Lloyd's 'Hundred Days The End of the Great War' explores the brutal heroic and extraordinary final days of the First World War On the eleventh hour of the eleventh day in November 1918 the guns of the Western Front fell silent The Armistice which brought the Great War to an end marked a seminal moment in modern European and World history Yet the story of how the war ended remains littlenown In this compelling and ground breaking new study Nick Lloyd examines the last days of the war and asks the uestion How did it end Beginning at the heralded turning point on.

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K to their frontiers The British led the way with their tanks and the awesome hitting power of their Canadian and Australian Army Corps easily the baddest troops on the battlefield in 1918 The French while tired and almost used up contributed mightily regaining honor lost during the mutinies the previous year Only the Americans had a mixed report The American Army green under trained under euipped and indifferently led does not make for glorious reading during the First World War While American troops did well when under Allied command and mixed in with French or British armies as a separate unit the deficiencies of the American Army were born out in bloody tragic detail In the hellish nightmare of the Meuse Argonne Forest nearly 100000 American soldiers would be illed in action in a little under two months for little gains of lasting significance For all their faults however Lloyd shows the reader that the Americans learned from their incredibly costly mistakes rapidly at that and despite their often inept tactics they showed remarkable bravery and incredible courage in the face of certain death as they often charged in almost fanatically towards positions that the British and French would avoid By early November however the game was up for Germany Her Army was all but finished she was short on everything from ammunition to boots and especially food and medicine Morale at home was almost nonexistent and revolution was in the air Germany signed the Armistice and the First World War endedNick Lloyd shows that it was not politics but Allied arms that convinced the Germans to give up the fight Also he does a very convincing job of overturning the German myth which many there still believe that it was leftist politicians who stabbed the Army in the back The Army was done for on its last legs and even its High Command understood this The Armistice was a blessing in disguise for the German Army as it gave them the opportunity to turn home and root out the Communists However the Allies did not win decisively The German Army though in a bad way was still functional and the Allies did not occupy Germany While it seems that such a step would be overly harsh in today s overly sensitive political climate the truth is that minus that occupation is exactly what gave the conditions time to brew that allowed the rise of the National Socialists All in all an excellent book hopefully it will spawn research into this most pivotal of moments in 20th century history I always feel that WWI gets the shaft compared to WWII even though they are eually important for explaining the world in which we presently reside Even so after thoroughly exploring the main narratives in college I mostly focus on the forgotten fronts these days Italy vs Austria Hungary the Balkans the Middle East East Africa you name itBut one thing that always bothered me was that while the Western Front is covered to extremity particularly the very start of the war and the slaughterhouse battles of the Somme and Verdun a battlefield which I have personally visited and is uite moving in its terrible and still scarred grandeur is how the last and arguably most important stages of the war the combined Allied offensives after the failure of the German gamble in Spring of 1918 gets overlooked Even Keegan s comprehensive war history blows through the 100 Days Offensive as if it was nothing but an epilogue and not the culmination of the war in EuropeThe Allies had perfected the hard lessons they HAD LEARNED YEARS OF FAILURE learned after years of failure of German command was delusional about the extent of the danger they were in and had to be convinced by a few icks open of their defensive lines The last minute nature of the armistice led to confusion and deaths right up to and even past the time of the end of the war Foch handled three humongous armies and their varying commanders with great skill in what the western front always needed a completely coordinated multi stage operationLack of understanding this period had great dangers too Many Germans invented a pernicious mythology that exonerated the collapse of the army with dire future implications Up to today American historians often claim full credit for turning the tide while British ones pretend America had nothing to do with the end game Both are wrong as US troops were often though only initially woefully unprepared for the realities of combat in 1918 while also their numbers potential and eventual victories did indeed enable the 100 Days Offensive to go forward and win victory This was a book that had to be written The Hundred Days is an incredible account of the final throes of WWI Usually I find lots of books on Verdun the Somme Ypres and the initial Widerness campaigns but I have neglected the end of the war I found this book an excellent detailed discussion of how the French British and US armies successfully broke the deadlock of trench warfare and restored the campaigns of maneuver The German Army could not hold against the massed firepower thrown against their it or the addition of 100000 US soldiers monthly Each German line was breached with enormous losses to both sides The Germans were at the end of the line What is also fascinating is the discussion of the Imperial high command and their lac. The Marne in July 1918 'Hundred Days' traces the epic story of the next four months which included some of the bloodiest battles of the war Using unpublished archive material from five countries this new account reveals how the Allies British French American and Commonwealth managed to beat the German Army by now crippled by indiscipline and ravaged by influenza and force her leaders to seek peace 'This is a powerful and moving book by a rising military historian Lloyd's depiction of the great battles of July November provides compelling evidence of the scale of the.
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Hundred Days